Container Types

STANDARD CONTAINERS

Standard containers are also known as general purpose containers. They are closed containers, i.e. they are closed on all sides. These can fit most of your common needs. Standard containers are designed and constructed for transportation of general cargo on sea, rail and land. They are able to withstand extreme temperatures ranging from -40°c (-40°F) to 70°c (158°F) without affecting their strength and water-tightness. Standard containers are used for all types general cargo (dry cargo). High-cube containers are used for all types general cargo (dry cargo). However, they are particularly suitable for transporting light, voluminous cargoes and overheight cargoes up to a maximum of 2.70 m tall.

Standard containers are mainly used as 20' and 40' containers. containers with smaller dimensions are very seldom used. Indeed, the trend is towards even longer dimensions, e.g. 45'.

20' Dry Container

Dimensions* Length Width Height
External 6096 mm 2362 mm 2590 mm
Internal 5944 mm 2337 mm 2388 mm
Door Openings 2337 mm 2286 mm
Weights* Capacity*
Max. Gross* Tare Max. Payload
24000 kg 2080 kg 21920 kg 33.9 cub.m

40' Dry Container

Dimensions* Length Width Height
External 12192 mm 2438 mm 2591 mm
Internal 12014 mm 2286 mm 2388 mm
Door Openings 2337 mm 2286 mm
Weights* Capacity*
Max. Gross* Tare Max. Payload
30480 kg 3900 kg 26580 kg 67.7 cub.m

40' High Cube Container

Dimensions* Length Width Height
External 12192 mm 2438 mm 2896 mm
Internal 11963 mm 2362 mm 2692 mm
Door Openings 2286 mm 2591 mm
Weights* Capacity*
Max. Gross* Tare Max. Payload
30480 kg 4150 kg 26330 kg 76.4 cub.m

PALLET WIDE CONTAINERS

Europe has its own domestic pallet wide containers that are slightly different dimensionally than the standard ISO boxes. Typically they are wider (usually 2.5 meters) to accomodate European pallets (in the case of dry vans). Pallet wide containers' charcteristics are equal to standard containers' ones, except dimentions. Although pallet wide containers are typically not used in worldwideservice.

Pallet Wide Container

Size Heights* Capacity* Dimensions* Length Width Height
Max. Gross Tare Max. Payload
20' Pallet Wide Ctnr 30480 kg 2550 kg 27930 kg 39 cub.m Internal 5903 mm 2434 mm 2686 mm
Door Openings 2436 mm 2592 mm
40' Pallet Wide Ctnr 34000 kg 4200 kg 29800 kg 78.6 cub.m Internal 12050 mm 2422 mm 2692 mm
Door Openings 2390 mm 2260 mm
40' Pallet Wide Ctnr 38270 kg 4270 kg 34000 kg 79.2 cub.m Internal 12100 mm 2442 mm 2680 mm
Door Openings 2394 mm 2565 mm

HARD TOP CONTAINERS

Hard top conatainer has two typical distinguishing structural features. On the one hand, it is equipped with a removable steel roof. In some types, this roof has points for accommodating forklift trucks, allowing the roof to be lifted by forklift truck. The roof weighs approx. 450 kg. In addition, the door header may be swivelled out. These two structural features greatly simplify the process of packing and unpacking the container. In particular, it is very easy to pack and unpack the container from above or through the doors by crane or crab when the roof is open and the door header is swivelled out. In the case of transport of an overheight cargo, the container roof may be left open and fastened directly to a side wall on the inside of the container. To do this, the roof only needs approx. 13 cm (5 1/8") of space. Usual hard-top container dimensions are 20' and 40'.

Hard-top containers are used for all types general cargo (dry cargo). Their principal uses are as follows:
-Heavy cargo
-Tall cargo
-Loading from above or through the doors by crane or crab

Hard Top Container

Size Heights* Capacity* Dimensions* Length Width Height
Max. Gross Tare Max. Payload
20' Hard Top Ctnr 67200 kg 2590 kg 27890 kg 32.8 cub.m external 6096 mm 2362 mm 2590 mm
internal 5886 mm 2342 mm 2388 mm
Door Openings 2336 mm 2276 mm
roof Openings 5590 mm 2208 mm
40' Pallet Wide Ctnr 30480 kg 4700 kg 25780 kg 67.2 cub.m external 12192 mm 2438 mm 2591 mm
internal 12020 mm 2342 mm 2388 mm
Door Openings 2336 mm 2597 mm
Roof Openings 11724 mm 2208 mm
40' Pallet Wide Ctnr 30480 kg 4900 kg 25580 kg 75.8 cub.m External 12192 mm 2438 mm 2896 mm
Internal 12020 mm 2342 mm 2693 mm
Door Openings 2336 mm 2597 mm
Roof Openings 11724 mm 2208 mm

OPEN TOP CONTAINERS

Open top container has the following typical distinguishing structural features: the roof consists of removable bows and a removable tarpaulin. The door header may be swivelled out. These two structural features greatly simplify the process of packing and unpacking the container. In particular, it is very easy to pack and unpack the container from above or through the doors by crane or crab when the roof is open and the door header is swivelled out. It should be noted, however, that the purpose of the roof bows of an open-top container is not solely to support the tarpaulin but also to contribute to container stability. Usual open-top container dimensions are 20' and 40'.

Open-top containers are used for all types of general cargo (dry cargo). Their principal uses are as follows:
-Packing and unpacking from above or through the doors by crane or crab
-Tall cargo

Open Top Container

Size Heights* Capacity* Dimensions* Length Width Height
Max. Gross Tare Max. Payload
20' Hard Top Ctnr 30480 kg 2350 kg 28130 kg 32.5 cub.m external 6096 mm 2362 mm 2590 mm
internal 5888 mm 2345 mm 2365 mm
Door Openings 2335 mm 2280 mm
Roof Openings 5415 mm 2205 mm
40'Hard Top Ctnr 30480 kg 3850 kg 26630 kg 66.4 cub.m external 12192 mm 2438 mm 2591 mm
Internal 12029 mm 2342 mm 2376 mm
Door Openings 2336 mm 2230 mm
Roof Openings 11544 mm 2230 mm

FLATRACK CONTAINERS

Flatracks consist of a floor structure with a high loading capacity composed of a steel frame and a softwood floor and two end walls, which may either be fixed or collapsible. The end walls are stable enough to allow cargo securing means to be attached and several flatracks to be stacked on top of one another. Flatracks are available in 20' and 40' sizes. Flatracks are mainly used to transportheavy-lifts and overheight or overwidthcargoes.

20' Flat Rack Container

40' Flat Rack Container

40' High Cube Flat Rack Container

Size Heights* Internal Dimensions*
Max. Gross Tare Max. Payload Length Width Height
20' Hard Top Ctnr 34000 kg 2740 kg 31260 kg 6038 mm 2438 mm 2213 mm
20' Hard Top Ctnr 30480 kg 4200 kg 26280 kg 12086 mm 2224 mm 1981 mm

PLATFORMS (PLATS)

Platforms consist solely of a floor structure with extremely high loading capacity; they have no side or end walls. This high loading capacity makes it possible to concentrate heavy weights on small areas. A platform consists of a steel frame and a wooden floor structure. Platforms are available in 20' and 40' sizes. Platforms are used principally for oversized and very heavy cargoes.

Platform

Platform, Converted from a flat rack container

Size Heights* Internal Dimensions*
Max. Gross Tare Max. Payload Length Width Height
20' Hard Top Ctnr 30480 kg 2520 kg 27960 kg 6058 mm 2438 mm 370 mm
20' Hard Top Ctnr 45000 kg 5700 kg 39300 kg 12192 mm 2245 mm 648 mm
40' Hard Top Ctnr 45000 kg 5700 kg 39300 kg 12192 mm 2245 mm 648 mm

VENTILATED CONTAINERS

Ventilated containers are also known as passive (naturally) ventilated or coffee containers. Ventilation is provided by ventilation openings in the top and bottom side rails. The openings do not let in spray, to prevent depreciation of the cargo by rain or spray, for example. The common size for ventilated containers is 20'. Ventilated containers are used especially for cargoes which have to be ventilated in transit. One of the most significant of such commodities is green coffee beans, hence the name coffee container.

20' Ventilated Container

Dimensions* Length Width Height
External 6068 mm 2438 mm 2591 mm
Internal 5888 mm 2325 mm 2392 mm
Door Openings 2334 mm 2290 mm
Weights* Capacity*
Max. Gross* Tare Max. Payload
30480 kg 2400 kg 28080 kg 33.0 cub.m

REFRIDGIRATED AND INSULATED CONTAINERS

Refrigerated and insulated containers are mainly available as 20' and 40' containers. A distinction may be drawn between two different systems:

1. Integral Units(Integral Reefer Containers, Integrated Units)

This type of refrigerated container has an integral refrigeration unit for controlling the temperature inside the container. When being transported by ship, integral units have to be connected to the on-board power supply system. For transport by road and rail, most integral unit refrigeration units are operated by a generator set (genset). This may either be a component of the refrigeration unit or connected to the refrigeration unit. Refrigerated containers are used for goods which need to be transported at a constant temperature above or below freezing point. These goods are divided into chilled goods and frozen goods, depending on the specified transport temperature. They principally include fruit, vegetables, meat and dairy products, such as butter and cheese. High-cube integral units are used in particular for voluminous and light goods (e.g. fruit, flowers). Nowadays, goods requiring refrigeration are mostly transported in integral units, which have a markedly higher market share than porthole containers.

20' Reefer Container

Dimensions* Length Width Height
External 6096 mm 2362 mm 2590 mm
Internal 5944 mm 2337 mm 2388 mm
Door Openings 2337 mm 2286 mm
Weights* Capacity*
Max. Gross* Tare Max. Payload
24000 kg 2080 kg 21920 kg 33.9 cub.m

40'Reefer Container

Dimensions* Length Width Height
External 12192 mm 2438 mm 2591 mm
Internal 12014 mm 2286 mm 2388 mm
Door Openings 2337 mm 2286 mm
Weights* Capacity*
Max. Gross* Tare Max. Payload
30480 kg 3900 kg 26580 kg 67.7 cub.m

Integral Units(Integral Reefer Containers, Integrated Units)

40' High cube Container

Dimensions* Length Width Height
External 6096 mm 2362 mm 2590 mm
Internal 5944 mm 2337 mm 2388 mm
Door Openings 2337 mm 2286 mm
Weights* Capacity*
Max. Gross* Tare Max. Payload
24000 kg 2080 kg 21920 kg 33.9 cub.m

2. Insulated Containers(Porthole Containers)

This type of container is often referred to not as a refrigerated container but as an insulated container, as it has no integ ral refrigeration unit. On board, the inside of the container is supplied with cold air via the ship's central cooling plant. The air flows through the container in the same way as in integral units. cold air is blown in at the bottom and the "warm" air is removed at the top.

20' insulated Container

Dimensions* Length Width Height
External 6096 mm 2362 mm 2590 mm
Internal 5724 mm 2286 mm 2014 mm
Door Openings 2286 2067 mm
Weights* Capacity*
Max. Gross* Tare Max. Payload
24000 kg 255550 kg 21450 kg 26.4 cub.m

40' Insulated Container

Dimensions* Length Width Height
External 12192 mm 2438 mm 2591 mm
Internal 11840 mm 2286 mm 2120 mm
Door Openings 2286 mm 2195 mm
Weights* Capacity*
Max. Gross* Tare Max. Payload
30480 kg 3850 kg 26630 kg 60.6 cub.m

BULK CONTAINERS

Bulk (or bulk cargo) containers have three loading hatches in the roof, each of a diameter of approx. 455 mm (1 3/4'). The distance between the hatches (center to center) is 1.83 m (6'). On the door side, there are two discharge hatches, which are sometimes equipped with short discharge tubes for guiding the bulk cargo. Alternatively, two unloading hatches may be mounted in the doorways, for emptying the containers. Bulk containers are used in particular for transporting bulk cargo, such as grain, feedstuffs, spices. However, they may also be used for transporting general cargo.

20' Bulk Container

Dimensions* Length Width Height
External 6096 mm 2362 mm 2590 mm
Internal 5934 mm 2358 mm 2340 mm
Door Openings 2335 mm 2292 mm
Weights* Capacity*
Max. Gross* Tare Max. Payload
24000 kg 2450 kg 21550 kg 32.9 cub.m

TANK CONTAINERS

Tank containers are used for liquid cargoes, such as:
-Foodstuffs: fruit juices, spirits, sweet oils
-chemicals: hazardous materials, such as fuels, toxic substances, corrosion protection agents.
If the cargo requires temperature-controlled transport, tank containers can be equipped with insulation or heating.

20' Tank Container

External Dinensions To ISO*
Length Width Height
6058 mm 2438 mm 2438 mm
Weights*
Max. Gross Tare Max. Payload
30480 kg 4190 kg 26290 kg

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